SOLOMON, family of English origin which won distinction in St. Helena and South Africa. The founder was NATHANIEL SOLOMON (1735–1800), a merchant with interests in the East India trade, who married Phoebe Mitz (or De Mitz) of Leiden in 1774, when she was 14 years old. She was widowed at 40, had 21 children, and lived to a great age. The eldest son, SAUL SOLOMON (I; 1775–1850), left for India at the age of 20, but, on becoming dangerously ill, was put ashore at St. Helena. On his recovery he started trading with passing ships and in time acquired almost a monopoly in the provisioning of ships and the wholesale trade. His brothers JOSEPH and BENJAMIN joined him and by 1815 he had become a wealthy man, noted for his hospitality. He became sheriff of St. Helena and was appointed consul for the Netherlands and France. He kept in touch with the earliest Cape Town congregation. His brother Benjamin (1786–1877) settled in Cape Town where for many years he was usher of the court. SAUL SOLOMON (II; d. 1892), their nephew, was educated in Cape Town. Apprenticed to a bookseller and printer, he eventually became a partner and finally took over the business with his brothers. They printed the Government Gazette and in 1863 became proprietors of the newspaper, The Cape Argus, which remained a leading daily and was the start of the largest chain of newspapers in South Africa. On the grant of parliamentary government to the Cape in 1854, Saul Solomon was elected a member of the Assembly. He played a leading part in securing responsible government for the Colony in 1872, but because of a physical   infirmity declined office. He was a powerful debater, brilliant in repartee, liberal in outlook, and a spokesman for the African population. Like other of the Solomons who settled at the Cape, he became a Christian and married a Christian, but retained an interest in Jews and Jewry. Of his sons SAUL SOLOMON (III; 1875–1960) became a judge of the Transvaal Supreme Court, and WILLIAM EWART GLADSTONE SOLOMON (1880–1966), a painter, was principal of the Government Art School in Bombay. EDWARD SOLOMON, son of Joseph Solomon and nephew of the first Saul, became a Congregational minister. His three sons were all knighted: SIR EDWARD PHILIP SOLOMON (1845–1914), minister of public works in the Transvaal under General Botha; SIR RICHARD SOLOMON (1850–1913), first high commissioner of the Union of South Africa in London (1910–13); and SIR WILLIAM HENRY SOLOMON (1852–1930), chief justice of the Union (1927–29). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Abrahams, Birth of a Community (1955), index. (Lewis Sowden)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • SOLOMON — (Heb. שְׁלֹמֹה; tenth century B.C.E.), son of david , king of Israel. Born of Bath Sheba, Solomon was so named by David (II Sam. 12:24; according to the keri, Targ. Jon., and according to the Pesh., by his mother), while Nathan called him… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — • The second son of David by his wife Bathsheba, and the acknowledged favourite of his father Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Solomon     Solomon      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SOLOMON — SOLOMON, family of Australian pioneers and statesmen. EMMANUEL SOLOMON (1800–1873) was born in London and transported to Sydney as a convict in 1818 for housebreaking. After being pardoned, he went into business as a merchant in Sydney with his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — Cutner, bekannt unter seinem Künstlernamen Solomon, CBE (* 9. August 1902 in London; † 2. Februar 1988 ebenda) war ein britischer Pianist. Solomon war nie einer der Großen in der Pianistenszene und geriet schon zu Lebzeiten in Vergessenheit, weil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOLOMON — 1902 1988 De son vrai nom Solomon Cutner, ce pianiste anglais verra sa carrière prématurément interrompue par la maladie. Il voit le jour à Londres le 9 août 1902 et commence très tôt l’étude du piano à la Royal Academy of Music, avec Mathilde… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SOLOMON — (né Solomon Cutner; 1902–1988), British pianist. Solomon was born in London and made his first public appearance at the Queen s Hall at the age of eight. Up to the age of 16 he continued to give concerts, after which he studied in London and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — Sol o*mon, n. One of the kings of Israel, noted for his superior wisdom and magnificent reign; hence, a very wise man. {Sol o*mon ic}, a. [1913 Webster] {Solomon s seal} (Bot.), a perennial liliaceous plant of the genus {Polygonatum}, having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solomon — Solomon, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Solomon, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Solomon — masc. proper name, Biblical name of David s son, king of Judah and Israel and wisest of all men, from Gk. Solomon, from Heb. Sh lomoh, from shelomo peaceful, from shalom peace. The Arabic form is Suleiman. The common medieval form was Salomon… …   Etymology dictionary

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